9. Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) , Ministry of Agriculture
Satellite and ground based remote sensing data have been used extensively for crop assessment and yield estimation. In absence of real-time high resolution satellite data, Airborne (UAV) imagery is an effective tool for crop assessment. Airborne multispectral imaging systems provide image data at fine spatial resolutions and also have the real-time monitoring capability. Indices derived from UAV based imageries can be correlated with crop parameters (LAI, biomass and yield) and also can be used for crop classification at field level and damage assessment.
NECTAR has been entrusted to provide service for acquisition of image data over designated crop area through UAV and processing those image data for orthomasaic data under the pilot study, called KISAN, (C[K]rop Insurance using Space Technology And geoiNformatices). The high resolution data would be used for better assessment of crop yield and crop loss. The objective of this study is to evaluate the use of technologies identified in Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).
Fig 9(a): Sample data collected by NECTAR through UAV multispectral imagery system for crop analysis (True color)
Fig 9(b): Sample data collected by NECTAR through UAV multispectral imagery system for crop analysis (False colour)